TESTICULAR CANCER

Graphic showing testicular cancer

TESICULAR CANCER DESCRIPTION

The testicles are a vital part of the male reproductive system. It is there that sperm and testosterone are produced. Both are major elements in male sexual development.

Testicular cancer is treatable and there are high success rates in those men who have been diagnosed with the disease. Experts state that testicular cancer is a rare form of the disease when compared to other forms of cancer and can be treated effectively.

TESICULAR CANCER DIAGNOSIS

Men will often discover testicular cancer themselves due to the symptoms that occur. Doctors can also diagnose the disease through examination. A general practitioner will then send a patient to have an ultrasound of the testicles urgently and blood tests to confirm the original diagnoses.

TESICULAR CANCER SYMPTOMS

Testicular cancer may affect only one of the testicles. Due to it being most common for just one testicle to be affected, it allows men to compare their testicles when determining if there is an issue.

There are a number of symptoms men can experience when they develop testicular cancer. These symptoms may include:

  • A lump on the testicle,
  • An enlargement of a testicle,
  • A heavy feeling in the scrotum,
  • A dull ache in the stomach, side, or groin,
  • A collection of fluid in the scrotum that house the testicles,
  • Pain or discomfort in a testicle or groin,
  • Enlargement or soreness in the chest and breast area, and
  • Back pain
  • Shortness of breath

TESICULAR CANCER TREATMENT

Testicular cancer treatment varies due to a variety factors including the time at which it was discovered, the stage of the disease, and a patient’s overall health.

Depending on the severity of the cancer, a patient could have their testicle or lymph nodes removed. Radiation and chemotherapy can also be used to treat the cancer. In some cases, patients will have both surgery and radiation or chemotherapy to treat the disease.

By removing the testicles, a patient’s chance of making a full recovery is higher than if the testicles are kept intact. Men who have a cancerous testicle removed can still father children despite the procedure. However, sperm should be stored by freezing before any surgery or treatment is undertaken.