Why Does Coronavirus Affect More Men Than Women?

Why Does Coronavirus Affect More Men Than Women?

COVID-19 is now a global pandemic. As a result, many countries have enforced strict lockdown rules, including the UK. As more research and information comes to light about Coronavirus, we are beginning to learn how the virus works.

Reports suggest that Coronavirus affects men more severely than women, although we still do not have confirmation of the exact reason why it affects men more. So, what do we know so far?

Research And Stats: Are More Men Dying Of Coronavirus?

The trend that Coronavirus affects men more than women has been seen all across the globe. Research has shown that 73% of admissions to critical care with COVID-19 were men. Because the daily death count from the UK government is not broken down by gender, it is not always immediate how different genders are being affected.

Figures from the ONS reveal that two out of three COVID-19 deaths in people under 85 are men. Because of these statistics and further research, it is clear to see that men seem to be more affected than women.

Why Are Men More Affected By Coronavirus Than Women?

While the figures reveal that this is true, they do not explain the reasons why. Although we require more research into the exact reasons, current research so far suggests that sex hormones play a role. Oestrogen and testosterone have previously been linked to respiratory illnesses. As a result, many believe, it could be the same for COVID-19.

Another theory is that because the X chromosomes have more immune-related genes, women have a stronger immune system. COVID-19 is not the first virus to affect men more than women, with SARS having higher fatality rates for men in the 2013 outbreak.

It is imperative that researchers uncover the real reason why Coronavirus affects men more than women.. This is because it could help to improve patient care and manage the outbreak of the virus.

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Does Coronavirus Affect Male Fertility?

The Coronavirus pandemic is a fast-moving situation, and so new research is developing all the time. One question that has recently been asked by individuals and professionals is; does Coronavirus affect male fertility? Figures have already revealed that men are more affected by COVID-19 than women. Because of this, three-quarters of all Coronavirus deaths in critical care have been men. This has led to many questions and concerns about how Coronavirus could affect men in the long term.

Coronavirus And Male Fertility

One of the main reasons that people are beginning to question the effects on male fertility is because the testes express a receptor called ACE2. Researcher suggests that Coronavirus uses this receptor to enter the cells in the body. This means that COVID-19 could affect the testes, but the extent of this is not yet understood.

As well as this, there is some evidence to show that flu and high temperatures can lower the sperm count temporarily. Although this effect is short-lived, it still leads to questions about whether the same would be the case with Coronavirus. Many professionals believe that the impact of Coronavirus on male fertility is similar to other infections, so there may be short term effects.

Will Coronavirus Impact Male Fertility Permanently?

Some infections and diseases are known to have effects on fertility and foetal health. Most notably, Zika virus, which is a mosquito-borne illness. Because Coronavirus is not related to this disease, there are no linked effects.

Viral infections such as mumps can lead to permanent damage to male fertility because of the development of a disease called orchitis. Research shows that SARS can cause orchitis and damage to the testicles. Because SARS and Coronavirus have some genetic similarities, some researchers think that the effect on male fertility could be similar. There have not been any documented cases of testicular infections during the Coronavirus pandemic, and no findings from research.

Do You Have Concerns About Male Fertility?

London Andrology is host to a range of specialist urologists and andrologists who can help address concerns about all aspects of male health, including fertility. If you’d like to book a consultation, please our secretary on 020 7224 5089.